VietNamNet Bridge - China's leaders know that its relations with the US are entering a period of transition and Beijing cannot anticipate what will happen. China knows that its relations with the US are entering a period of transition. Photo: Straitstimes America has always played a special role in the response of China. Instead of rejoicing over victory, they negotiate on the sidelines with Chinese leaders. A key figure in this case is national security advisor Susan Rice, who wrote on the website of the White House after a visit to Beijing that she had urged Chinese leaders to “handle big disagreements between us in a constructive spirit." Ms. Rice wrote: "I have reiterated that the most important benefit for us is to peacefully settle conflicts and to respect the international order based on law." The "rule-based order" is exactly what Beijing has challenged in the recent move to take over territory in the disputed waters. Although China has always claimed to ignore the … [Read more...] about East Sea: The unpredictable game between powers
VietNamNet Bridge - This article points out the absurdity of the arguments of China and pro-China scholars against the Permanent Court of Arbitration’s (PCA) ruling. Since the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) constituted under Annex VII to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (hereinafter called the "Court of Arbitration") was formally established  after the Philippines filled the case against Chinauntil the final ruling was released on July 12, 2016, China has repeatedly stated it rejected the PCA’s ruling and the legal effect of the ruling. This article discusses the arguments of China and pro-China scholars against the PCA’s ruling and points out why these arguments are unfounded in UNCLOS in particular and in international law in general.Argument 1: Exceptions of historic rights The Philippines requested the Court of Arbitration to rule on the legal validity of the nine-dotted line and the historic rights of China in the East … [Read more...] about East Sea: How can China’s irrational arguments be disposed of?
VietNamNet Bridge – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) will celebrate its 50th founding anniversary next year. So, it's time for the organization to consider the near future. A particularly important question is how to help ASEAN become more effective in addressing the emerging security challenges. The biggest worry now is that currently ASEAN cannot form a common stance on the issue of the East Sea (internationally known as the South China Sea) dispute, mainly because of the principles of consensus of this association.The consensus principle Vietnam’s President Tran Dai Quang at the 38th Singapore Lecture forum, held by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) at the Ritz Carlton Hotel, with the theme "Strengthening partnership for sustainable development of the region". Due to the great diversity of the ASEAN member countries, the association has considered the consensus principle as a fundamental principle of its activities. Officially put on … [Read more...] about How can the deadlock of ASEAN on the East Sea be overcome?
A photo taken by the US's spy planes in the East Sea (Source: WSJ) Tokyo (VNA) – An international seminar on the future of maritime activities in Asia after the The Hague’s arbitration ruling took place at the Meiji University in Tokyo, gathering Japanese and regional experts. Participants focused their discussion on far-reaching implications of the July ruling made by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) concerning the Philippines’ lawsuit against China’s claims in the East Sea. They agreed that the ruling creates the foundation for regional cooperation in the East Sea for mutual benefits. The shared viewpoint is that navigation and maritime freedom in the East Sea is in the interest of not only regional countries but also the world as a whole. Go Ito, head of the Meiji Institute of International Policy Studies (MIIPS), said the tribunal court’s decision is an important legal framework for countries with overlapping claims in the East Sea to reach … [Read more...] about Cooperation for peace in East Sea benefits all sides involved: seminar
VietNamNet Bridge - All countries are related to the East Sea (internationally known as the South China Sea) disputes need a new approach to counter these attempts to change the status quo of China. The photo taken from satellites shows Chinese missiles on Phu Lam (Woody) Island - Photo: Fox News In a study published in 2013, How New and assertive China's New Assertiveness Is , Prof. Alastair Johnston (Harvard University) said that "the recent affirmation" of China largely come from the media’s exaggeration. That firm should be placed in the broader and more permanent context of the "peaceful rise" policy that Beijing has announced. Three years after this studies was published, based on the acts of China in the East Sea and the East China Sea in recent two years, the above arguments should be rewritten: the exaggeration of the media only reflects part of a plan "to become hegemony" of China. From the unilateral declaration of the air defense identification zone (ADIZ) in … [Read more...] about East Sea: Forcing China to pay for any expansionist actions
VietNamNet Bridge - The devastation of the ecosystem around some islands in the East Sea (internationally known as the South China Sea) is becoming serious because of China's dredging and construction activities for military purposes. "Responsibility of protection" is always mentioned by scholars in maintaining a balance between national security and human security. But for cases mixed with sovereignty disputes, this concept is a controversial issue. The East Sea is a good example of the contradictions of "responsibility of protection" in affecting the environment and the livelihoods of millions of people. The devastation of ecosystem around some islands in the East Sea is due to China, plus the overexploitation of the ocean by coastal states.Danger from artificial islands Satellite photos show damage to the habitat of coral reefs in the Truong Sa Archipelago (Spratlys Islands). Coral reefs in remote islands and atolls, though less affected by the direct activities of humans, are … [Read more...] about China’s drastic militarization threatens East Sea’s ecosystem
Thelessons learned from the Spitsbergen treaty can transmit messages to the approachesto solve the East Sea dispute. Here is the perspective of Dr. Enrico Fels,University of Bonn, Germany on a number of issues of the East Sea conflict. Experiencefrom the past My presentation focused on a barely known treaty regarding the archipelago of Spitsbergen (renamed Svalbard in Norwegian). The Spitsbergen Treaty was signed in 1920. It entered into force in 1925 and concerned the political status of this important archipelago and its adjacent islands in the Arctic Sea north of Norway. Today, 43 states are signatories to the treaty - including several states from Asia-Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia and, most recently, North and South Korea. The archipelago Spitsbergen was discovered in the late 16th century and was quickly contested due to its location and rich resources. The English as well as the Danish-Norwegian kings claimed ownership, while other important … [Read more...] about East Sea: Spitsbergen Treaty and the lesson for Vietnam
Vietnamese Ambassador to China Dang Minh Khoi (Photo: VNA)Beijing (VNA) – Vietnam’s activities on islandsand rocks under its management in the East Sea are completely normal,Vietnamese Ambassador to China Dang Minh Khoi told Hong Kong-based PhoenixTelevision.He made the remark in an interview on January 18in which he was asked about the information that Vietnam is stepping up landreclamation activities on some islands in the East Sea.He clarified that Vietnam has not increased orreduced activities on its islands, those activities are still the same asbefore.Some opinions that Vietnam is taking over therole of the Philippines are just personal viewpoints and not in line withVietnam’s stance or the reality, Khoi noted.There haven’t been any countries voicing concernthat the activities on islands and rocks conducted by Vietnam would cause anyfactors of instability.Vietnam’s stance regarding the East Sea issue isconsistent, and it does not intend to replace … [Read more...] about Vietnam’s activities on islands in East Sea completely normal: diplomat
An overview of the workshop (Photo: VNA) Paris (VNA) – ASEAN could connect countries to address tensions in the East Sea, heard a recent international workshop in France. The event was held by Paul-Valerie Montpellier 3 University and its partners as part of the International Francophone Week. Participants evaluated the situation in the East Sea as well as sovereignty disputes and escalating risks in the region. Sophie Boisseau de Rocher from the French Institute of International Relations suggested devising a management mechanism. Meanwhile, Benoit de Treglode from the Institute for Strategic Research under the French Defense Academy said involved parties should seek marine cooperation and mutual trust relations. He cited Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang and Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc as saying they want to create a new cooperation policy. Speakers agreed that ASEAN could play a connecting role to forge relations with the US, Europe, and China. The East Sea has a … [Read more...] about International workshop on East Sea in France
The sixth East Sea conference held by the Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA) opened in Kuala Lumpur on October 4 under the theme “Fostering a shared future in the East Sea”. Flyer of the event (Photo: MIMA)The two-day event draws the participation of around 200 delegates, who are experts from Southeast Asia and outside countries such as the US, China, Japan, the UK and India as well as several international organisations. Vietnam is represented at the event by Dr. Hoang Thi Tuan Anh, a researcher from the Diplomatic Academic of Vietnam.According to MIMA Chairman Ahmad Ramli bin Haji Mohd, this year’s conference seeks to identify the myriad, complex and multi-layered challenges in the East Sea, which will require a multi-pronged and comprehensive approach.The track-two forum also examines various facets of issues in the East Sea, including geostrategic developments in the Asia-Pacific and their implications in the East Sea, the views from ASEAN, challenges and … [Read more...] about Kuala Lumpur conference looks at future in East Sea